Friday, 12 February 2016

So, what’s socialism, Bernie? Part 1

 

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New voters are flocking to old-school anti-capitalists. But do they really know what they’re being asked to imbibe? And what the windbags demand they oppose? (And why does socialism appeal to so many?)

Explaining it to an Argentine audience in 1959, Ludwig Von Mises explained that the right way to understand capitalism versus socialism is to think about it as freedom versus slavery.

[Read also 'Socialism and the Battle of Ideas' from his book Socialism: An Economic and Sociological Analysis]


… What does this system of economic freedom mean? The answer is simple: it is the market economy; it is the system in which the cooperation of individuals in the social division of labor is achieved by the market. This market is not a place; it is a process, it is the way in which, by selling and buying, by producing and consuming, the individuals contribute to the total workings of society.

In dealing with this system of economic organisation — the market economy — we employ the term “economic freedom.” Very often, people misunderstand what it means, believing that economic freedom is something quite apart from other freedoms, and that these other freedoms — which they hold to be more important — can be preserved even in the absence of economic freedom. The meaning of economic freedom is this: that the individual is in a position to choose the way in which he wants to integrate himself into the totality of society. The individual is able to choose his career; he is free to do what he wants to do.

This is of course not meant in any sense which so many people attach to the word freedom today; it is meant rather in the sense that, through economic freedom, man is freed from natural conditions. In nature, there is nothing that can be termed freedom; there is only the regularity of the laws of nature, which man must obey if he wants to attain something.

In using the term freedom as applied to human beings, we think only of freedom within society. Yet, today, social freedoms are considered by many people to be independent of one another. Those who call themselves “liberals” today are asking for policies which are precisely the opposite of those policies which the liberals of the 19th century advocated in their liberal programs. The so-called liberals of today have the very popular idea that freedom of speech, of thought of the press, freedom of religion, freedom from imprisonment without trial — that all these freedoms can be preserved in the absence of what is called economic freedom. They do not realise that, in a system where there is no market, where the government directs everything, all those other freedoms are illusory, even if they are made into laws and written up in constitutions.

If the government owns the internet, it will control what is accessed and what is hosted. If it mandates religion, it mandates morality. If it requires rationing and “redistribution” it must enforce it – by violence when necessary.

In a fully socialist society, where there is no market there are not even real career choices!

In a market economy, the individual has the freedom to choose whatever career he wishes to pursue, to choose his own way of integrating himself into society. But in a socialist system, that is not so: his career is decided by decree of the government. The government can order people whom it dislikes, whom it does not want to live in certain regions, to move into other regions and to other places. And the government is always in a position to justify and to explain such procedure by declaring that the governmental plan requires the presence of this eminent citizen 5,000 miles away from the place in which he could be disagreeable to those in power.

So what does freedom actually mean? It is not some illusory “freedom from reality” – the “freedom” to have your plate filled by others and have your every fantasy fulfilled. If it means anything at all it means to be free to pursue the means by which to fill your own plate – wiith the voluntary cooperation of others by all means, but free from their physical coercion.

Freedom in society means that a man depends as much upon other people as other people depend upon him. Society under the market economy, under the conditions of “economía libre,” means a state of affairs in which everybody serves his fellow citizens and is served by them in return. People believe that there are in the market economy bosses who are independent of the good will and support of other people. They believe that the captains of industry, the businessmen, the entrepreneurs are the real bosses in the economic system. But this is an illusion. The real bosses in the economic system are the consumers. And if the consumers stop patronising a branch of business, these businessmen are either forced to abandon their eminent position in the economic system or to adjust their actions to the wishes and to the orders of the consumers.

In all economic problems, we must bear in mind the words of the great French economist Frédéric Bastiat, who titled one of his brilliant essays: “Ce qu’on voit et ce qu’on ne voit pas” (“That which is seen and that which is not seen”). In order to comprehend the operation of an economic system, we must deal not only with the things that can be seen, but we also have to give our attention to the things which cannot be perceived directly. For instance, an order issued by a boss to an office boy can be heard by everybody who is present in the room. What cannot be heard are the orders given to the boss by his customers.

The fact is that, under the capitalistic system, the ultimate bosses are the consumers. The sovereign is not the state, it is the people. And the proof that they are the sovereign is borne out by the fact that they have the right to be foolish. This is the privilege of the sovereign. He has the right to make mistakes, no one can prevent him from making them, but of course he has to pay for his mistakes. If we say the consumer is supreme or that the consumer is sovereign, we do not say that the consumer is free from faults, that the consumer is a man who always knows what would be best for him. The consumers very often buy things or consume things they ought not to buy or ought not to consume.

But the notion that a capitalist form of government can prevent people from hurting themselves by controlling their consumption is false. The idea of government as a paternal authority, as a guardian for everybody, is the idea of those who favour socialism.

In this form it is an idea that has grown since Mises’s time; from paternalism then to maternalism now; “wrap-around” nanny-state pampering virtually from cradle to graveyard.

Granted, that it is good to keep people from hurting themselves by drinking or smoking too much. But once you have admitted this, other people will say: Is the body everything? Is not the mind of man much more important? Is not the mind of man the real human endowment, the real human quality? If you give the government the right to determine the consumption of the human body, to determine whether one should smoke or not smoke, drink or not drink, there is no good reply you can give to people who say: “More important than the body is the mind and the soul, and man hurts himself much more by reading bad books, by listening to bad music and looking at bad movies. Therefore it is the duty of the government to prevent people from committing these faults.”

And, as you know, for many hundreds of years governments and authorities believed that this really was their duty. Nor did this happen in far distant ages only; not long ago, there was a government in Germany that considered it a governmental duty to distinguish between good and bad paintings — which of course meant good and bad from the point of view of a man who, in his youth, had failed the entrance examination at the Academy of Art in Vienna; good and bad from the point of view of a picture-postcard painter, Adolf Hitler. And it became illegal for people to utter other views about art and paintings than his, the Supreme Führer’s.

Once you begin to admit that it is the duty of the government to control your consumption of alcohol, what can you reply to those who say the control of books and ideas is much more important?

Freedom really means the freedom to make mistakes. This we have to realise. …

This is the difference between slavery and freedom. The slave must do what his superior orders him to do, but the free citizen — and this is what freedom means — is in a position to choose his own way of life. Certainly this capitalistic system can be abused, and is abused, by some people. It is certainly possible to do things which ought not to be done. But if these things are approved by a majority of the people, a disapproving person always has a way to attempt to change the minds of his fellow citizens. He can try to persuade them, to convince them, but he may not try to force them by the use of power, of governmental police power. . . .

(To be continued)


Thursday, 11 February 2016

New Left v Old Left

 

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The rise of Jeremy Corbyn and Bernie Sanders seems to pit Old Left against New Left, some say. But are there any real differences between the two ideologies? And are either New Left or Old Left actually even ideologies at all?

Philosopher Greg Salmieri answers the question in talking about the similarities and differences between the so-called “Free Speech movement and the campus riots of the 60s, and the “Occupy” movement and its “safe spaces” of today.

Asked by The Undercurrent what Ayn Rand took to be the essence of that earlier movement, he answers:

Dr. Salmieri: She saw the events at Berkeley and, later, on other campuses, as an attempt to erase the distinction between speech and action and to intimidate others into adopting their political positions. The students objected to Berkeley’s policies concerning what political activities were permitted on parts of the campus, so they seized control of the campus and did things like turning over police cars and using them as rostrums. The students could have worked to persuade the administration that their preferred policies were right. If that didn’t work, they could have withdrawn and gone to another school—or, since Berkeley is a public university, they could have attempted to persuade the legislators or the voters who elected them. This is the peaceful, civilized way to settle disputes. Instead, the students resorted to force. In effect, they said: “You must grant our demands, because we’re a big gang who can physically bar your way, disrupt campus life, and destroy property.” We’ve seen a reprise of this in the “Occupy” movement, and more recently in the spectacle of student groups occupying quads and administrators’ offices and seizing control of forums to read lists of demands.
    The students at Berkeley were outraged that the existing policy prohibited certain sorts of speech on campus property, and some of the current student groups are outraged that campus policies don’t prohibit certain types of speech that they think is offensive. So in this narrow respect they could be seen as opposite, but the groups are the same in that they are trying to impose their preferred policies by physical force and intimidation, rather than by persuasion. The recent groups are more consistent, because the whole idea of free speech, which the ‘60’s students claimed to be for, rests on the distinction between speech and action. If “speech” extends to trespass and physical intimidation, then of course it cannot be free, since the “speech” of some will amount to violence against others.
Capture    This blurring of the line between speech and action was part of a broader development that Rand thought was going on in the 1960’s. She called it “anti-ideology”—the attempt to undermine the concepts and principles that people need to think rationally about political issues. Without such concepts, a nation is reduced to the status of warring gangs each of which is united, not by any shared convictions, but by factors such as race, locality, profession, or income. Anti-ideology is popular when people are acting on motives that they are unwilling to admit (to themselves or others), and Rand thought that this was the case across the political spectrum in the ‘60’s.
    For decades, the political left had been pushing for ever greater government control over individuals’ lives. The only consistent implementation of their ideas is totalitarianism, of which communism and fascism are both variants, and the horrors of that system were obvious to any honest observer in the aftermath of World War II. So the leftists didn’t want to admit what they stood for. But their opponents on the political right were unwilling to embrace the opposite system, capitalism, because it was seen as “selfish” and “materialistic.” So both sides sought to evade the fundamental issue at stake between them and to focus on narrow policy questions, without reference to the principles needed to understand them or rationally evaluate them.
    As a result, American politics was reduced to pressure group warfare. Without recourse to the principle of individual rights, which enables people to live together in non-sacrificial harmony, factions multiplied and formed uneasy alliances that enabled momentary majorities to use elections as an opportunity to sacrifice minorities. Rand saw what the students at Berkeley were doing as a more naked version of this same pressure group warfare. Instead of imposing mob power at the ballot box, as their parents were doing, the students were trying to impose it in crudely physical terms, out on the streets.
    The source of the anti-ideology, in Rand’s view, was intellectuals—especially professors of philosophy and the humanities—and it seeped out into the culture from the universities. So she didn’t see it as any surprise that violence erupted first on campuses. That’s where young people go to find the ideas that will enable them to make sense of the world and chart their course through life. Instead, their professors gave them an anti-ideology that was a rationalization for imposing their whims by brute force. Of course, the professors of today include many members of the ‘60’s student movement, many of whom are teaching variants of these same doctrines. We can see their influence in some of the current groups occupying campuses. . .

… and also podiums and voting booths.

Quote of the Day: “…please explain this to Donald Trump”

“The opposite of excessive political correctness is not boorishness.
Can someone please explain this to Donald Trump?”

~ novelist Vinay Kolhatkar

“Blame Zika mosquitoes on DDT ban” [updated]

Agribusiness professor Jacqueline Rowarth had a terrific piece in the most recent NBR, reminding readers that but for fact-free environmental bans on DDT back in the 60s on the back of Rachel Carson’s “lyrical but scientifically flawed” book Silent Spring – the book that captured a nation and helped kick-start the modern environmental movement – the Zika virus may have been a total non-starter.

The headline itself is plain enough:

Capture

The irony here is that Rowarth herself was inspired to study agricultural science in part because of Carson’s book. But she argues that the banning of DDT was wholly a “political move” on the back of the book, one “claimed as the first major victory for the environment movement,” but one with a tragic payoff – once with the failure to eradicate malaria that DDT had all-but promised (a failure that left millions to die), and now, again, with the rise and rise of the Zika-bearing mosquitoes.

Forty-four years from the banning of DDT, the lines of sad women in hospitals in Brazil, with their microcephalic babies in their arms or still in utero, have etched themselves into memory.
    People are wondering whether the scientifically-proven use of DDT could have prevented this tragedy. . . .

It’s certainly a fair question.

The headline writer at least has no doubts.

[Hat tip Julian D.]

RELATED POSTS:

UPDATE:

  • “DDT is banned internationally by the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants, an agreement ratified by more than 170 countries.
        “But an exception is allowed for malaria control -- a disease that still kills millions of people worldwide. Several countries, mostly in Africa, currently use DDT to combat malaria. …
        “Goldman said the pesticide is effective against the Anopheles mosquito, a night-biter that spreads malaria indoors while people are sleeping.
         “In many developing countries, DDT has proven effective when sprayed on the indoor walls of buildings.
        "’Basically the anopheles likes to rest on a wall surface between feedings and thus is poisoned by the DDT that is on the walls,’ Goldman said. . . .
        “But the mosquito that transmits Zika is not the anopheles but another genus known as the Aedes, which also transmits dengue and chikungunya viruses, according to Goldman.
        “Aedes mosquitos bite outdoors, during the day, she said. Spraying walls with DDT won't help.
        “The best way to deal with aedes is by controlling its breeding and using products such as the popular insect repellent DEET, Goldman said.”
    Zika virus: Is DDT an option? – CNN
  • “Although an official at the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has been quoted as saying that environmental concern about DDT ‘has to be reconsidered in the public health context,’ CDC spokesman Tom Skinner said the agency is ‘still working on vector control plans for Zika.’
        “It is ‘safe to say,’ Skinner added, that controlling Aedes ‘will involve lots of public education, eliminating breeding sites, larvicidal spraying, and spraying to kill adult mosquitoes in areas experiencing outbreaks.’
        “What sprays will be used has not been decided yet, but this ‘all of the above’ approach reflects the challenging biology of Aedes aegypti.
        “The most significant challenge is that Aedes evolved widespread resistance to DDT in the decades after the pesticide came into widespread use in the 1940s. The extent of that resistance has likely waned in the decades since use of the pesticide was curtailed, with more of the mosquito population evolving back to its pre-resistant, susceptible-to-DDT status. But that does not mean resistance has disappeared or that it will not come roaring back in response to DDT spraying.
        “’Once you have resistance, it generally stays in a population for a long time,’ Conlon said. ‘It’s not ephemeral like resistance to other pesticides, where a population reverts back to being susceptible.’”
    Zika outbreak revives calls for spraying with banned pesticide DDT – STAT

Saving a beach

The picture taken around the Awaroa Inlet that sparked Duane Major to start a campaign to buy back a private beach there for public use.

Economics Joke #l: Two economists walked past a Porsche
showroom. One of them pointed at a shiny car in the window
and said, "I want that." "Obviously not," the other replied.

The story of the saving of that Awaroa Beach above is a fascinating one.

A piece of Abel Tasman National Park enjoying beachfront riparian rights over the Awaroa Inlet – called by environmental campaigners “a gap in the Queen’s Chain” – is on the market.

It now has the added delight of seeing the savers rejecting the advances of would-be helpmate Gareth Morgan (perhaps because they’ve notived that at least one party on either side of his deals generally gets a dog).

But despite that stiff competition, the biggest delight is surely, for once, seeing environmental campaigners putting their own money where their mouths generally demand other peoople’s should be.

Instead of running off immediately to government when they recognised a beach needing to be “saved” (saved from what we wonder?) supporters instead started a Give A Little page calling for donors to help buy it.

There is a pristine piece of beach and bush in the heart of the Abel Tasman up for private sale [they say]. Together we can buy it and gift it to NZ.

Good for them!

Their target is $2 million, and they are currently only $250,000 from that number—pleasing anyone who would like to enjoy a pristine beach without the sight of Gareth Morgan breaking your horizon.

The wonder however is that such things are a rarity.

Austrian economists have a concept they call “demonstrated preference,” arguing that what people actually do matter shows their real preferences far more accurately than what they say.

That’s the very punchline of the joke at the head of the post. That if the economist actually did actually value the Porsche enough, he would have already demonstrated his preference for it in the choices he made.

Capture

And yet, despite environmentalists saying repeatedly they value a “pristine” environment, they so rarely demonstrate that preference in action.

So I say “Bravo!” to those brave campaigners. And may we see much more of it.

Perhaps campaigners could begin by buying a certain kauri-clad property in Titirangi they say they value so much . . .

Wednesday, 10 February 2016

2016's economy begins with a whimper

 

Global markets are showing they can't handle even a tiny bit of tightening by the Federal Reserve, observes David Haggith in this guest post, and other central banks are doubling down on rock-bottom interest rates. So after six years of "recovery" can we ever abandon endless easy money?


January was the winter of our discontented stock market. It was the worst January since 2008, when the Great Recession officially began. It was, in fact, the worst January in the history of the New York Stock Exchange. According to Citigroup, Inc., it was also the worst January ever for credit markets.

During many Fed tightenings, the stock market and overall economy improved for years afterward because the Fed stimulus had actually brought a temporary form of economic recovery. But rarely, if ever, has the mood turned dark so fast after the Fed officially announced that the recovery is sound and the life support can be removed.

So, even while I knew the global economic news was bleak, I didn’t expect the market bulls to snuff out their own ecstasy the day after the ball began. I can only imagine how much the permabulls wanted to go on air that next morning to revel in their we-told-you-sos about how the economy would do just fine after a Fed rate hike. Only they could not. They woke up to face reality.

Now that the Fed has decided to hold the Fed Funds target rate steady at their January meeting, everyone is nervously guessing which way the market will continue.

The Party in the Bull Pen Is Over

In December, Federal Reserve Chair Janet Yellen looked visibly happy when she was able to make the announcement of her lifetime — the claim that things looked optimistic enough for the Fed’s recovery that the Fed could finally end its economic aid. Never before has a Fed chairman looked less dour and more ready to crack open the champagne for the big Fed Christmas party.

Markets gleefully rewarded her with an immediate rise of 200 points in the Dow Jones Industrial Average during the remains of the day (December 16) after she delivered her glad yule tidings.

The market, however, decided to crash the party along Wall Street the next morning by dropping 253 points on December 17 — farther than it had risen during the celebration. The real gravity of those numbers was proven when the fall picked up speed for a 367-point plunge the next day, bringing the stock market down over 600 points before it closed at the end of last week.

And, so, the Fed’s rate hike made December the most volatile December for the Dow since the economic crisis of 2008. Moreover, since 1990, Decembers have been the least volatile month of the year. So, something is different this time. Something is very deeply and disturbingly different if you compare this seventy-degree day of winter solstice in Washington to any other.

It wasn’t your typical placid and merry December. Friday’s sell-off was the sharpest one-day plunge since September (up until January 7th’s 374-point plunge), and trading volume has been higher than usual in December as investors jockeyed to position themselves for the Fed’s anticipated rate rise. This is the feel of something big beginning to creep.

The sharp sell-off in stocks across all sectors of the Dow in the heaviest trading of the year came because of news that oil prices were still falling and fear over what this means for banks that are heavily involved in financing highly leveraged oil companies. For the past several years, such news would have caused the stock market to rise because it would mean another year of struggle in which the Fed would be hard at work trying to re-inflate the economy by giving free money to its friends in the financial sector.

All ten sectors of the S&P 500 also closed in negative territory the week of the Fed’s announcement. For the Dow, it was the third weekly decline in four weeks. Reality, in other words, hit the face like a glass of ice water the morning after the party. For the market bulls, it was off to work with a hangover.

The sobering fact that bank stocks were the first to decline was a surprise to many (including myself). Common wisdom throughout the market expected bank stocks to rise the fastest when the Fed raised rates because the rise in interest would actually improve bank profits since so many of their adjustable-rate loans and credit cards are pegged to interest rates that are strongly affected by the Fed’s target.

Banks will be collecting more in interest but they will be slow to start paying more interest on deposits, so were expected to benefit. Yet, financials went down because banks ensnared in a commodities massacre look edgy.

Even high-tech stocks, which have been supporting the narrowly traded market have been falling with the king of stocks — Apple — down 15 percent since the rate hike.

The global market had gone into a similar slide two weeks earlier when the European Central Bank did a little “quantitative wheezing” that didn’t satisfy the demands of its junkies. It was the same with Japan, where five rounds of QE have now failed to jack up the economy any longer than the QE lasted. QE is so unsuccessful that Japanese income and household spending are in decline again, even with the Bank of Japan embracing negative interest rates for the first time ever.

2016's phony crony Fed-led economy begins with a whimper. Will it end with a bang?


David-Haggith-ImageDavid Haggith is editor of The Great Recession Blog, where a longer version of this post first appeared.
Having foreseen the beginning of what is now called The Great Recession half a year before it hit, the economic collapse seemed to him the kind of thing anyone should have seen if his eyes were wide open.
A much-edited version of the original post appeared at the Mises Daily.

[Pic at head of post by MONETARY MAYHEM]

RELATED POSTS:

  • “Thanks to relentless government and central-bank intervention, debt is growing at the same time that workers are becoming less entrepreneurial and less productive. That's not a good combination...”
    Three Reasons to Be Worried About the US Economy – Yonathan Amselem, MISES DAILY
  • “The larger point is that the monthly jobs report has now become the essential vehicle for propagating a false recovery narrative that serves the interest of Wall Street and Washington alike.
        “Month after month the artificially concocted and misleading headline jobs number is used to drive home a comforting meme. Namely, that the nightmare of the financial crisis and recession is fading into the rearview mirror; that the Fed and Washington have fixed the underlying ills, for instance, via Dodd-Frank; and that the soaring values of stocks and other financial assets since the March 2009 bottom are real, sustainable and deserved. …
        “[And yet] food stamp participation rates are still the highest in history, and bear no resemblance to where these ratios stood during earlier intervals of so-called full employment. In a word, 4.9% unemployment can’t be true in a setting where the food stamp participation rate is nearly 15%.”
    Why The Bulls Will Get Slaughtered – David Stockman, CONTRA CORNER
  • “I am writing to assure you this bitter January is a harbinger of global economic collapse. Let me make it repeatedly clear that this is far more than a stock market crash. We have entered the Epocalypse. We are standing in the dragon’s mouth as it dives into the abyss. Leaning against the dragon’s teeth, our central planners and gabby gurus look out at the spinning world around us and assure us they see no sign of anything that looks like a dragon; and, though the world appears to be spinning, it does not mean we are falling.”
    Irrational Exuberance in Stock Market Knows No Bounds – David Haggith, THE GREAT RECESSION BLOG

Quote of the Day: Hemingway’s advice to tourists

“Don’t bother with churches, government buildings
or city squares; if you want to know about a culture,
spend a night in its bars.”

~ Ernest Hemingway, quoted in
   ‘To Have and Have Another Revised Edition: A Hemingway Cocktail Companion
    by Philip Greene

Tuesday, 9 February 2016

Quote of the Day: Because ‘borrowing’ like this is actually theft

“The sad part is Coleman died homeless in September 2006
without seeing a dime but still having watched the ungodly
riches roll in for those who borrowed his work.”

~ from an article by Karl Ernest:
Artist Behind One of the Most Sampled Tracks of All Time Finally Gets Paid (Sort Of)

Monday, 8 February 2016

Quote of the Day: Two different crises, two different regulatory regimes

“The banking crisis that began in August 2007 shocked markets and
precipitated the Great Recession. To fully explain the banking crisis,
one must account for its timing, severity, and global impact. One must
also confront a startling historical contrast.
    “If we define ‘banking crisis’ to mean bank failures and system losses
exceeding 1 percent of a country’s gross domestic product (GDP), we
find that in the period 1875-1913, a period of [light regulation,] marked
expansion in international trade and capital flows comparable to the last three decades, there were only four banking crises worldwide.
    “By contrast, in the period 1978-2009, a period of much more extensive
bank regulation, central bank intervention, government protection of
depositors and other bank creditors, and government control of mortgage
markets, about 140 banking crises occurred worldwide. Of these, 20 were
more severe than any crisis from the earlier period of 1875-1913 . . . ”

~ Mark Perry & Robert Dell, in their article How Government Failure Caused the Great Recession

Friday, 5 February 2016

Friday Morning Ramble, 05.02.16

Feel like celebrating this weekend the birth of the best little country in the world? We could, you know. There is much to celebrate—and much misunderstanding to slay.
Waitangi Day: Something to celebrate – NOT PC
It’s NZ’s own Emancipation Proclamation! – NOT PC
Why does Waitangi Day belong to one race? – NOT PC
Waitangi? It imposed no such obligation – NOT PC
‘When Two Cultures Meet: The New Zealand Experience’ – NOT PC
How did colonists’ treatment of indigenous people help cause today’s tribalism – NOT PC
Property Rights: A Blessing for Maori New Zealand – PC, REBIRTH OF REASON
Maori were protected *from* property rights, suggests recent book – NOT PC

Was something signed yesterday, amidst the din?
Quote of the Day: On tariffs and cronyism – NOT PC
TPP opposition: it’s not about democracy – NOT PC
TPP: Dismantling the negative railroad – NOT PC
Jane Kelsey struggles to find things to object to #tpp #tppa – NOT PC
#TPP : Mooching on drug producers and consumers – NOT PC

Today’s good news about globalisation:
Despite population growth, see how the total number of people in extreme poverty has fallen – UTOPIA – YOU ARE STANDING IN IT

”More sickness? More diagnosis?” Whatever the reason, beneficiary numbers track registered psych conditions.
Growth in psych conditions in the welfare system – LINDSAY MITCHELL

One man gets one victory over one council. Do we have a new unit of measurement for humble heroes?
Auckland rates battler defeats Council bureaucracy – JO HOLMES

Never thought I’d support a parliamentary Bill dreamed up by the Greens’s Catherine Delahunty. But I do, even if it doesn’t go far enough – because if property rights are to mean anything, they must mean that everyone should be safe from having their property confiscated—and not just one race.
“Not one more acre” – Catherine Delahunty, GREENS BLOG

“The usual objection to farming endangered wildlife for the pet trade is that it’s too hard to then tell the difference between legal farmed animals and illegally poached ones. Stephen Franks and Digby Livingston have a potential solution.”
Digby Livingston and Stephen Franks suggest the way to protect indigenous species is to farm them – NZ HERALD

“What are the rights of the dying? Barbara Mancini of Compassion and Choices discusses the end of her father's life.”
The Rights of the Dying: A Personal Story – CATO AT LIBERTY

Sydney-by-night is dying. Killed by the same things killing NZ’s nightlife.
Would the last person in Sydney please turn the lights out? – LINKED IN

Seymour: "If you'll excuse me, I have to say I am sorry to see you referencing the Maxim Institute's publication on this matter, much of which is difficult to argue is above intellectual dishonesty."
MP: Don't embarrass yourself – STUFF

Team New Zealand has received another Government grant worth up to $17.25 million. This is on top of taxpayer and ratepayer money given to other profession sports teams. Please sign our petition to tell the Government to STOP the corporate welfare for professional sports teams.
Sign the petition: No more corporate welfare for professional sports teams – ACTION SPROUT

The Christchurch disaster in microcosm:  “Town planners want a clean slate for their white elephants but the quake didn't quite get the slate clean enough.” ~ Bernard Darnton
Central Christchurch bar will close its doors to make way for the city's proposed stadium – STUFF

Come on, which Aucklander isn’t going to see Shakespeare performed in Shakespeare’s original theatre?
The Game's Afoot – POP-UP GLOBE

Saudi singer speaks truth to power.

“Obama and people who support his policies should have to answer for this. “Why are we less economically free than ever; and how do you defend this as a good thing?” I don’t hear Donald Trump, Ted Cruz or any of the other candidates doing so. I hear a lot about personal attacks, and about the urgent importance of preserving traditional marriage, but not about what really matters: Making America great again by making America fully free again.”
Economic Freedom Ranking: USA No Longer in Top 10 – Michael Hurd, LIVING RESOURCES CENTER

“The best evidence of this [Progressive] power to date has been the policies of Obama, the first New Left president….”
Leonard Peikoff on Obama, The First New Left President – DOLLARS & CROSSES

“The revolutionary left and right have merged in a way that is lost on their respective supporters.”
Two Flavours of Tyranny: Red? Or Brown? – Jeffrey Tucker, ANYTHING PEACEFUL

Steyn nails the difference between Sanders and Clinton: "He would be the oldest man ever elected president and 83 years old at the end of two terms - which we won't have to worry about because the entire country will have slid off the cliff long before then. But he's enthusing the base, and any base wants to be enthused.
    “Hillary, by contrast, is in trouble not because she's a sleazy, corrupt, cronyist, money-laundering, Saud-kissing liar. Democrats have a strong stomach and boundless tolerance for all of that and wouldn't care were it not for the fact that she's a dud and a bore.”
Second-Degree Bern – Mark Steyn, STEYN ONLINE

"Former US President Jimmy Carter tonight told the UK Parliament he wants Donald Trump to land the Republican nomination ahead of frontrunner Ted Cruz .
"Speaking on a visit to Britain, the 91-year-old Democrat warned Mr Cruz is committed to “Far Right-wing politics” which he would pursue “aggressively” if he makes it to the White House.
"By contrast, Carter said, outspoken billionaire *Mr Trump has no fixed views at all*."
[Says Cruz: "I'm going to pay to air Jimmy Carter attacking me."]
Famous left-winger Jimmy Carter is now backing Donald Trump - here's why – DAILY MIRROR

Asked if you like Donald Trump’s policies, you might well ask, which policies?
Trump’s positions since 1990 – REAL DONALD TRUMP

“As Trump held forth, Wesley Mouch smiled to himself. Finally, here was an industrialist who understoood. Mouch ran to the nearest telephone, and dialed Washington…”
Atlas Mugged – POPEHAT

A profound reason to support him nonetheless:
Poll: 25 percent of federal employees would quit under President Trump – THE HILL

So why do you think they do that, when unionists and academics say they should do the opposite?
Low-Skilled Workers Flee the Minimum Wage: How State Lawmakers Exile the Needy – Corey Iacono, THE FREEMAN

Catholic “social justice” ideology has left the most Catholic continent with the 2nd largest population of poor persons on the planet.
Can Social Justice Be Rescued? – James Bruce, LIBRARY OF LAW

“My only criticism is that China does not need to create a "consumer-driven economy" Their economy is production driven, and will stay that way. The idea of an economy driven by consumption is ridiculous. It's like saying a cart pulls the houses. What China needs to do is consume its production domestically rather than exporting it to America, so that Americans can consume it. A stronger yuan will help bring that transition about, to the benefit of Chinese consumers, and to the detriment of American consumers.” ~ Peter Schiff
The $3 Trillion Question – Patrick Chovanec, FOREIGN POLICY

“If all of that dispersed and decentralized knowledge that exists in the individual minds of all the members of society is to be effectively used and brought to bear for mutual improvement of the human condition, each of us must be left free to use that knowledge as we, respectively, think best and most advantageous.”
Individualism and Capitalism vs. Central Planning and Statism: The Political Battle of the 21st Century – Richard Ebeling, CAPITALISM MAGAZINE

“Voters choose on the basis of partisan loyalties, and these days party voting has a much bigger influence on state and local elections than it used to. … Given all this, the natural and appropriate policy response should be to a) expand the responsibilities of democratic government, or b) consider limiting the responsibilities of democraticgovernment?”
*Democracy for Realists* – Tyler Cowen, MARGINAL REVOLUTION

“If democratically elected officials are capable of such large-scale deception and malfeasance, why should we think that these same people can help reduce “manuipulation and deception” in the market place?”
Are Government Regulators More Virtuous than Everyone Else? – Ivan Carrino, MISES DAILY

“In the third part in this series [video below], the focus is on the development of mainstream microeconomics in the first half of the twentieth century, during which the standard textbook conceptions of “perfect competition” and “monopoly” were being “rigorously” formalised.
    “The discussion explains their assumptions, their unrealism and their misplaced use in the arena of public policy such as in anti-trust regulation.
The ‘mathematisation’ of economics is also looked at and its resulting distorted understanding and analysis of economic processes in the real world.”
The History of Economic Thought Part III – Richard Ebeling, ECONOMIC POLICY JOURNAL

The Warmist’s Fiscal Paradox: So, if the science really is settled, why should you pay all those hundreds of scientists to research already settled science?
Settled science bites – BISHOP HILL
Aussie CSIRO: Massive cuts to Government Climate Jobs – WATTS UP WITH THAT

And yet thousands of honest scientists continue to be shunned for pointing out the science is far from settled.
Professor Emiritus Hal Lewis Resigns from American Physical Society – Hal Lewis, TELEGRAPH

image

One actual use for royalty: publicising the good.
Montessori schools give students like Prince George free reign – DAILY NEWS

“Online job boards burst with ads recruiting “idea people” and “out of the box” thinkers. We are taught that our own creativity will be celebrated as well, and that if we have good ideas, we will succeed. It’s all a lie.”
Inside the Box: People don’t actually like creativity – Jessica Olien, SLATE

“Q: Early in your new book, A Companion to Ayn Rand, you lament the fact that two generations of academics didn’t take Rand’s work seriously. You frame the book, at least in part, as an attempt to remediate that attitude. In basic terms, why wasn’t Rand taken seriously in the academy, and why would she be?”
Reflections on Ayn Rand and Campus Culture: An Interview with Greg Salmieri (Part One) – THE UNDERCURRENT

We all need philosophy and all artists too.
Why Musicians Need Philosophy – Roger Scruton, FUTURE SYMPHONY

Ending the naked emperor's reign - Truth fights back...
The Truth About Modern Art – Paul Joseph Watson, INFOWARS

So they’re only American jokes (so they’re not actually funny) but still interesting.
The 100 Jokes That Shaped Modern Comedy: "Now take my wife... Please!" – 3 QUARKS DAILY

“I believe it is fundamental to write each day.”
What are we losing with the death of handwriting? – BRISBANE TIMES

“’'Speed-reading courses, meanwhile, can take the premise that ‘it is possible to use peripheral vision to simultaneously read large segments of a page, perhaps even a whole page, instead of one word at a time,’ they write. ‘However, such a process is not biologically or psychologically possible,’ the scientists say.”
Speed reading claims discredited by new report – GUARDIAN

Why did I spend so many years thinking Australia was so close to New Zealand when it’s actually far? Why isn’t Australia closer to New Zealand?
“Well, to answer your first question, I would say you have the American schooling system to thank for your poor understanding of geography. I know where Canada is. You should know where New Zealand is.”
Australians Answer Americans’ Dumb Questions – BUZZFEED

Progressive education has also succeeded in destroying the past for an entire generation.

“Are kids learning the phrase, “Sticks and stones…” anymore? Or has it gone the way of lawn darts?”

And finally, your music listening for the next three days starts with the top three most thrilling classical pieces recently recommended here and here (as voted by you lot with yout clicks) , , ,

. . .  and this . . .

. . .  oh, and probably this:

Have a great NZ Birthday Weekend!
PC

Thursday, 4 February 2016

Architecture: Making ‘a home for man.’ Part 3: The essence of the home

 
“Whatever space and time mean, place and occasion mean more.
For space in the image of man is place, and time in the image of
man is occasion. ... We are not building buildings, we are building
ritual, building occasion, building life itself.”
~ Claude Megson (after Aldo Van Eyck)

Over the last two days we talked about man and how to begin making a home for him on this earth: It’s not just about marking a spot; it’s about making places: human places, for human occasions.
But isn’t it the case that much of our built environment, and hence much of what architects do, is normally beyond our immediate awareness? Most people just don’t notice too much about the buildings they’re in, do they (at least not consciously) – they quickly become ‘second nature’ to us, unless of course something goes wrong!

We might ‘feel’ a space or a building as being good or bad or uplifting or stultifying or bland or glorious … but we don’t always consciously know why. So let’s start looking at what architecture is trying to say to you, and how you can begin to ‘listen.’  And let’s literally start in the home . . .

Part 3: The essence of the home

“A house is not an object but a universe we construct
for ourselves – not a garage where we park ourselves.”

~
Claude Megson

SINCE WE TEND TO take for granted the architectural experiences we are offered, so Jay Farbstein and Min Kantrowitz in their book People in Places suggest a starting point for learning to understand what architecture can say to you if you let it (assuming of course that the architecture has something to say!):
Architecture [they say] begins with the five senses, plus other (sub-senses) like those to do with temperature, humidity, air movement across the skin, and especially the kinaesthetic or haptic; the senses must come first!

Next, These sensations must be integrated into patterns i) of day-to day life – entering the house, engaging in conversation, cooking, eating, watching television, bathing, lying in bed – and ii)of integration with the wider world with the perceiver at the centre – detailed and complex recognition of siting, eye lines into the distant ( and close) landscape.

Of harbour, valley and hilltop (each with their own resonance for us) and even the gradual exclusion of the public realm (“this is our space”) down to individual realms (“this is my space”).

Architecture recognises and builds in all these patterns or rituals – try and identify them in the place you’re in now, and think too about that special place from childhood and see how its patterns go together, and if they played some part in making it special for you.

The point here is that all architecture begins with you – it doesn’t begin with some gods-eye view from above, or from some arid analysis of string-courses and pendentives. It starts from the point of view of the observer, of the person experiencing the whole ensemble---it starts there, and it radiates out1.

From this starting point then, architecture needs to integrate the material sensed (nothing should be accidental in art), and integrate it conceptually into a pattern that gives to the person experiencing it a meaning to life on this earth. It should be life-enhancing, on a distinctively human scale, because, as we’ve said, architecture is about making a home for man ­ - literally MAKING a home for man – and at the same time EXPRESSING the facts about our world and our place in it, and then underscoring whatever emotional evaluation follows from that.
 
* * *

Sometimes the house grows and spreads so that, in order to live in it,
greater elasticity of daydreaming, a daydream that is less clearly
outlined, are needed. "My house," writes Georges Spyridaki, "is
diaphanous, but it is not of glass. It is more the nature of vapour.
Its walls contract and expand as I desire. At times, I draw them close
about me like protective armour .. But at others, I let the walls of my
house blossom out in their own space, which is infinitely extensible.”
Spyridaki's house breathes. First it is a coat of armour, then it extends ad
infinitum, which amounts to saying that we live in it in alternate security
and adventure. It is both cell and world. Here geometry is transcended.

~ Gaston Bachelard, The Poetics of Space

AS WE’VE SEEN in Part Two of our story, the essential meaning -- the very essence of the dining occasion-- is celebration. Giving to a home this essential human meaning of celebration is what we’re doing when we build a space for dining (or, if we’re not very good, we build something that might give almost the opposite impression).

Thus, the essential human meaning given to the dining space of a home is not eating, but celebration.

In the same way, architect Claude Megson suggested that every space in a home has its own essential human meaning that must be given its essential place and expressed appropriately in the architecture (and in the following outline I use Megson’s schema). When we build a house, in the words of Megson “we build a whole universe for ourselves to inhabit” – that place must reflect our whole universe of needs and emotions. The universe of our own soul. So let’s take a tour round our ‘soul,’ and the essence of all that it contains.

If our Dining area isn’t just a place in which to gnaw on a raw bone, then the Bathroom isn’t just a place to hose ourselves down. It is, or should be, a place wherein we experience our physical selves (visually via our mirrors) and receive our full physical sensation of being; a place in which to cleanse and refresh ourselves both physically and spiritually (it’s no accident that religionists adopted bathing as a symbol of baptism.) It should express, if we can manage it, a feeling of cleansing and rejuvenation -- almost of rebirth.2 The term used by Megson was “Regeneration.” That, oddly enough, is the feeling a good bathroom should give.

Just to clarify here: A good bathroom, or indeed any space designed and built properly, should both support the function intended for that space, and at the same time express the human meaning -- the essence – of the space. Both feeling and function are equally important – indeed, the feeling is an integral part of the function that needs to be built into the form I f form and function are realy going to be made one. (And as Frank Lloyd Wright said on a somewhat related subject, if done properly “form and feeling become one.”)

So Dining = Celebration; Bathroom = Regeneration. What else needs to be expressed in Megson’s schema?

Our Living Room is the place where life reveals itself; wherein a stage is set for our lives, for all our entrances and exits; a place of both continuity and permanence; both adventure and security; a place for books, for relaxation, for discourse, for the good news and the disappointments of our lives; for the gatherings and the adventures and occasional withdrawing from the world we all do and need to do .. the place wherein the nature of our selves is worked out and revealed, with all the other spaces in the house acting as support.

And like a stage (and like our own private souls) the Living Room both exposes and hides us: as Gaston Bachelard explains the house should sometimes be around us like an armour, like a cloak, and at others it should hardly be there at all.

Most of all, a living room should express the adventure of life. All these things described in the living space reveal the nature of a full life, so the living room as a who;e shows us the whole cosmos of life. If dining is a mark in time, then our living rooms should reveal a sense of the infinite. So a Living Room worth its name must both support the function of lounging, and at the same time it should, Megson argues, express the concept of Revelation. That concept, he argues, best describes the human need fulfilled in our best Living Rooms. In this place, more than in any other part of the house, this concept should be most evident.

The Entrance: Here is our hinge, our place of welcome and farewell, the place in which we are midway between coming and going, where we are poised “cat-like” between entrance and exit, between rejection and welcome … a dynamic equilibrium representing the occasion of greeting; the concept best expressed here is Poise.

The Bedroom is our ultimate place of withdrawal; our place for solace and sexual excitement, for peace and repose, and for reflecting, planning and dreaming. Bedroom = Reflection.

The Kitchen is the place in which life is sustained and nurtured; in which the first lessons are learned of chemistry and physics; of safety and danger. The essence of the Kitchen is Sustenance, or Nurture.

All these functions and feelings and meanings take place under one roof, in one house. In the same sense that all artwork is making a statement about the world in which we live – whether the artist likes it or not -- every piece of art is a microcosm of what the artist considers to be fundamentally important within this universe – so too the house should contain a whole universe in microcosm.
 
HouseEssence

In Megson’s words, the house is not just a garage where we park ourselves; nor is it merely an object: it is instead a whole universe we construct for ourselves -- “it should embody the complete human spirit.”

This is how we go about our task, of literally making a home for for man . . .


NOTES 1. A point to anyone who can see the similarity to Austrian economics, or to Montessori education.
2. We cleanse ourselves of ‘the outside’ while symbolically cleaning ourselves within; we emerge physically revitalised and metaphorically reborn. (It is no accident that bathing is the essential religious symbol of baptism.)
    Water represents purity; as does its complement, light; which together produce an essential sparkling, uplifting effect.

[Cross-posted to the Organon Architecture Blog and the Claude Megson Blog]

Sad news about an iconic pub

jacksons-tavern

From the Owners:

As some of you have no doubt heard, Jackson’s Tavern has closed to the public effective 31 January 2016, and for now available for organised functions only. Details of that to follow in future posts.

Trade has steadily increased since reopening in November 2014, and we’ve just had a very busy holiday period. However the remote location makes it a difficult business when you are not hands on owner-operators with your finger on the pulse. Both the owners and managing director are based in Christchurch, and we cannot continue to support the tavern financially.

We are looking for an owner-operator to take over the business, ideally a family who could live on site in the comfortable living quarters. This would allow staffing and other costs to be reduced dramatically and make it financially viable.

We have ploughed a lot of money into the business to get it to an excellent condition, and it’s now looking great inside and out. Recent figures show that with the reduced costs that would come with an owner-operator, you will make money on current figures, and this should only improve with time. Tourism is set to increasingly become the economic lifeblood of the West Coast. The tavern booms in the summer holiday period, but last year did go quiet in Winter. A future owner may even want to close in Winter and take a break.

The property also lends itself to many alternative tourism uses, sitting right on SH73 at the gateway to the West Coast. Guest accommodation in the future is an option. The tavern comes complete with comfortable 4 bedroom living quarters, sits on 1 hectare of land, and could be yours for much less than the average Auckland house price.

If funding is an issue we are also open to alternative arrangements to a straight purchase, including a ‘rent to buy’ arrangement. In return for a small deposit and hard work you could own the property outright in 10-15 years time.

We thank our customers and staff for their support over the past 15 months. Anyone interested in taking on the property, and building on our momentum and recent improvements are invited to contact our agent, Andrew Swift of Harcourts Gold (0274 319 621), or email the owners at jacksonstavernnz@gmail.com.

Well, this is confusing

I took a US election poll, and this is what I discovered, that three unlikely candidates should be practically equal in my support:

image

To complicate matters:

image

So either I’m all over the park, they’re all of them all over the park, or elections (and quizzes about elections) are a complete waste of time.

A comedian talks about political correctness [updated]

John Cleese reckons political correctness is killing comedy—and strangling freedom.

We Can't Have Comedy and Be Politically Correct at the Same Time

… I’ve been warned recently, don’t go to most university campuses because the political correctness has been taken from being a good idea—which is, let’s not be mean particularly to people who are not able to look after themselves very well, that’s a good idea—to the point where any kind of criticism of any individual or group can be labelled cruel. And the whole point about humor, the whole point about comedy—and believe you me, I’ve thought about it—is that all comedy is critical. Even if you make a very inclusive joke—like, How do you make God laugh? Tell him your plans—that’s about the human condition, it’s not excluding anyone, it’s saying we all have all these plans that probably won’t come and isn’t it funny that we still believe they’re going to happen. So that’s a very inclusive joke, but it’s still critical. All humor is critical. If we start saying, oh, we musn’t criticise or offend them, then humour is gone, and with humour goes a sense of proportion, and then, as far as I’m concerned, you’re living in 1984.

UPDATE: George Carlin: Political Correctness is fascism pretending to be manners … [hat tip Law of Markets]

A comedian talks about immigration

 

[Hat tip economist David Henderson]

So there’s a Laffer Curve for anarchists

So you’re familiar with the idea of the Laffer Curve, right?

Capture

Put in its simplest possible form, the Curve posits the non-intuitive idea that the maximum possible tax revenue does not necessarily come in at the highest tax rates.

The curve suggests that, as taxes increase from low levels, tax revenue collected by the government also increases. It also shows however that increasing tax rates after a certain point (T*) would cause people not to work as hard or not at all, thereby reducing tax revenue. Eventually, if tax rates reached 100% (the far right of the curve), then all people would choose not to work because everything they earned would go to the government.
    Governments would like to be at point T*, because it is the point at which the government collects maximum amount of tax revenue while people continue to work hard.

So there are two places on the curve that would attract zero revenue: those with tax rates of 0% and 100%; and there is one place that attracts the most revenue: and that is some place in between.

Interesting idea.

Let’s call this the Curve for the Taxman – with all that that implies.

Did you know however that you can draw a similar relationship of sorts between the size of government, and our degree of freedom? One that should be a lesson for every anarchist everywhere.

Put in its simplest possible form, the Curve for Anarchists would posit the idea that the maximum possible freedom does not necessarily come about at the lowest possible size of government.

In particular, the curve would recognise that freedom is not the absence of government but the absence of physical coercion -- protecting against physical coercion or fraud being the primary job of any good government, but the initiation of it being many a bad government’s primary activity.

So as we’d expect the curve suggests that, as the size of government decreases from higher levels, our degree of individual freedom from government coercion also increases. It also suggests however that decreasing the size of government after a certain point would cause individual freedom to diminish not by the coercion of government, but from those of whom government is no longer protecting against.

Gangsters.

Criminals.

Mobs.

Self-described “protection agencies,” i.e., gangsters, criminals and mobs.

Eventually, if rights-protecting government were snuffed out altogether (the far left of the curve), then all freedom would be snuffed out altogether too. As it was in places like Somalia recently, Beirut in the Eighties, or warlord-era China.

The curve recognises that the idea of competing governments or “protection agencies” is simply a market in force that guarantees freedom from coercion for no-one.

And it recognises that anarchy itself, the total absence of government and law, is in fact only metastable, a system that is rapidly on the way to some other system – probably gangsterism or worse – and not at all one benevolent to the concept or preservation of freedom.

Now, we can certainly argue where our ideal place, F*, might be. Like the original Laffer Curve, it’s just a conceptual notion so it’s only drawn in the middle to make a nice-looking picture.

Laffer-Anarchy

It would be more accurate, as we know, to move the curve to something more realistic:

Laffer-Anarchy-Revised

So we can argue if we like about where that point might be. But we should also recognise that size might be a good way to judge things after dark, but should not on its own be the primary consideration when judging governments. What is of primary importance is not that government is small, but that it protects individual rights.

That, after all, is what government is for - to protect you from me, and me from you. And there’s no government like no government to ensure the absence of adequate protection.

[Laffer Curve pic by Investopedia]


RELATED POSTS HERE & ELSEWHERE:

  • “All that is spoken about by anarcho-capitalist ‘hippies of the right’ about the systems of anarchy amount to no more than wishful thinking about the state of things and the nature of men. Of some men. As James Madison said, ‘If all men were angels no government would be necessary. If angels were to govern men, neither external nor internal controls on government would be necessary.’ But all men ain't angels, hence the need both for goverment and for controls on that government. We call those controls a constitution, just as Madison did.”
    Cue Card Libertarianism – Anarchy – NOT PC
  • “You see, anarchists sincerely believe that they are merely advocating "competition" in the protection of rights. In fact, what their position would necessitate is "competition" in defining what "rights" are.” …
        “Without a philosophical consensus, "competing agencies" (driven to maximize profits by satisfying their paying customers) will offer opposing, rival social factions any interpretations each wants. Definitions of "rights" and "liberty" and "justice" will become as much a matter of "competition" as will the methods, personnel and procedures each agency will offer to provide. And which agency will attract the most customers? Of course, the one that "gets results" by best satisfying consumer demand: i.e., the one which can impose its own definitions of "aggression" and "self-defense" on competitors.”
    The Contradiction in Anarchism – Robert Bidinotto, RED BARN
  • “Anarchy, as a political concept, is a naive floating abstraction: . . . a society without an organized government would be at the mercy of the first criminal who came along and who would precipitate it into the chaos of gang warfare. But the possibility of human immorality is not the only objection to anarchy: even a society whose every member were fully rational and faultlessly moral, could not function in a state of anarchy; it is the need of objective laws and of an arbiter for honest disagreements among men that necessitates the establishment of a government.”
    The Nature of Government – Ayn Rand, AYN RAND LEXICON
  • “’I know of no anarchist,’ [writes an anarchist], ‘who ever proposed that society be constituted without agreed standards, even if these were crystallised into one simple maxim such as 'you are free to do what you like except interfere with someone else's freedom,’ nor have any of them ever suggested that we stand idly by if our rights are abused by others.’
        “This raises a number of questions. What if this ‘simple maxim’ is not the ‘agreed standard’? Why should it be? ‘Why shouldn't the Mongrel Mob's maxims be the ‘agreed standards’? How are "freedom’ and ‘rights’ to be defined? If someone, acting on a different definition from mine, proposes to abuse my rights, who stops him and on what grounds? Of what does ‘not standing idly by’ consist — blowing him away? It is in answering such questions that one encounters the inescapable need for government [and law].”
    Freedom vs. Anarchy – Lindsay Perigo, FREE RADICAL
  • “The anarchists do not object to retaliatory force, only to it being wielded by a government. Why? Because, they say, it excludes ‘competitors.’ It sure does: it excludes vigilantes, lynch mobs, terrorists, and anyone else wanting to use force subjectively.
        “’A government is the means of placing the retaliatory use of physical force under objective control–i.e., under objectively defined laws.’ (Ayn Rand, Capitalism: The Unknown Ideal)
        “There can be only one supreme law of the land and only one government to enforce it. (State and local governments are necessarily subordinate to [a] federal government.)
        “Could conflict among ‘competing governments’ be taken care of by treaties? Treaties?–enforced by whom? I once asked Ayn Rand about the feasibility of such treaties between sovereign ‘competing governments.’ She looked at me grimly and said, ‘You mean like at the U.N.?’”
    Sorry Libertarian Anarchists, Capitalism Requires Government – Harry Binswanger, FORBES
  • “That anarchism is incompatible with the protection of individual rights is obvious from reading the news. Look at what the Mafia Defense Agency does. Look at what the PLO Defense Agency does. Look at what the Al Qaeda Defense Agency does. Such annoyingly obtrusive facts as the chronic conduct of these defense agencies are meaningless, though, we’re told. Anarchists tend to reply, “There you go again. That kind of bloody conflict among power-lusting gangs is not what we mean by defense agencies or an anarcho-capitalist society. What we mean is the smoothly functioning rights-respecting ‘defense agencies’ of our disconnected-from-facts-on-the-ground theoretical books and journal papers …
        “In other words, anarchists merely assume that none of the proposed defense agencies would in fact actually be competing at the most fundamental level—i.e., [with force] …
        “Or would there, after all, be some kind of mutually accepted and enforced ban on the wrongful use of force? If the latter, would there or would there not be enforceable mechanisms in place for adjudicating disputes among the defense agencies, and for declining to renew the license of a defense agency that tries to blow up World Trade Centers in the name of the Allah Defense Code?
        “Problem, though: as soon as any such reasonable, enforceable constraints are imposed on the defense agencies independently of their preferences in a particular dispute, we are talking about an apparatus of limited government, not about anarchism or anarcho-capitalism….”
    Did Roy A. Childs Jr. suffer from ‘Archist Illusions’? – DAVID M. BROWN’S BLOG